Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí í Domènech was a Spanish painter, printmaker, sculptor, writer and stage designer. He is one of the main representatives of surrealism and is therefore one of the best-known painters of the 20th century. Its genre is the world of the unconscious that appears in dreams. Dalí’s works are therefore characterized by clear motifs such as melting clocks, crutches and burning giraffes. His style is more like that of the old masters, which is reminiscent of later photorealism. Other his themes are intoxication, fever and religion. He is an artist whose eccentric behavior, his sympathies for the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco and his late work have led to heated controversies to this day.
Born 1904 in Figueras in Catalonia (Spain),
1921-1926 studies at the art academy in Madrid (Spain)
Until 1927 influence of French Cubism and Italian Futurism in his oeuvre. Also based on Dutch painting of the 17th century
1927 The painting “Honey is sweeter than blood” heralds Dalí’s move towards Surrealism.
1928 Entry into the Surrealist circle through Joan Miró
In 1929 he met the Russian Elena Diakonova, better known as Gala. She first becomes his lover, later his wife and thus the artist’s long-term partner, muse, inspiration and obsession. His first solo exhibition will also take place this year. In addition, the surrealist film “An Andalusian Dog”
1934 Creation of the illustrations for Lautréamont’s “Chant de Maldorer”
1940-1948 he lives in the USA. At the same time he writes his autobiography
1948 Return to Spain. Turns now increasingly to religious and mythological pictorial themes and professes Catholicism
In the 1970s three-dimensional works are created. He experiments with holographic collages
gest 1989 in Figueras in Catalonia (Spain)